ERIC Number: ED032006
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Campus Disruption During 1968-1969.
Bayer, Alan E.; Astin, Alexander W.
At the end of the 1968-1969 academic year, a survey was undertaken to determine the nature and extent of campus protests, how their frequency and types vary, how institutional responses to them differ, what institutional policies and practices have been changed because of them, and other related matters. The survey instrument was a questionnaire which collected data for the entire year on the mode and incidence of protests, major issues, results, consequences, and administrative changes made. The facts in this report represent the first attempt to link campus unrest with a variety of institutional characteristics (control, type, size, selectivity) using a representative national sample of 427 US colleges and universities. Study findings indicate that most institutions are attempting to respond in meaningful ways to major campus protests. Discipline has been a frequent response to violence; but major efforts have been made to modify curricula and racial policies, and to increase the freedom and power of students. The data also show that a majority of institutions, including those where major protests did not occur, made substantive changes in rules and policy during 1968 and 1969. One conclusion of the study is that US campuses, which have always been centers of protest and social criticism, are still likely to experience more unrest in years to come. The questionnaire and an analysis of the data are included. (WM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Council on Education, Washington, DC. Office of Research.
Note: Research supported in part by Grant 1 R12 MH17, 084-01 from the National Institute of Mental Health