ERIC Number: ED031958
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Apr
Reference Count: 0
The Effect of Different Television Utilization Procedures on Student Learning. Final Report.
Wade, Serena E.
In a study designed to investigate the relative effectiveness of three methods of television utilization, 817 fifth grade students were exposed to 12 telelessons on a science unit about insects. With one group of students, the teachers were instructed to use a Socratic approach, ask questions and give immediate knowledge of correct responses. In another group the teachers explained that the students had had no opportunity for a question-answer session. With the third control group the teachers were provided with a program guide and left to their own devices. Data collected included: standardized pretest scores of science knowledge, intelligence scores, posttest scores of learning from the television lessons, and certain background information for each child. The data from this experiment suggests primarily that teachers be taught to use the Socratic method of instructional television utilization. Teachers should plan to create a classroom context beneficial to instructional television by involving their students in the lesson and encouraging them to respond actively to questions about the content. Data analysis of the primary and some of the secondary findings of the study is provided and some probable causes for the results are discussed. Appendices include three sets of teacher instructions, sample tests, and questionnaires. (JY)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Santa Clara County Office of Education, San Jose, CA.