ERIC Number: ED031866
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Mar-31
Reference Count: 0
Factors in the Effectiveness of Articulation Therapy with Educable Retarded Children. Final Report.
Sommers, Ronald K.
To determine the effectiveness of group articulation therapy, 180 educable retarded children in special classes (average age 9, average IQ 70), all of whom had articulation problems, were rated on the Carter/Buck Prognostic Speech Test and a picture version of McDonald's deep test of articulation. Subjects were then randomly assigned to one of three groups: no therapy, therapy for 30 minutes once a week for 9 months, or therapy for 30 minutes four times weekly for 9 months. Posttests were administered immediately after 9 months and again 3 months later. Results on picture deep test indicated that subjects who received therapy four times weekly improved significantly, whereas subjects who had therapy once a week did not. On the picture articulation test, however, no significant differences were found between experimental groups. At the time of the second posttesting, the picture articulation improvements by the subjects who had therapy four times weekly were maintained as were the respective positions of subjects in the three groups. Significant relationships were also found between mental age and IQ and articulation improvement during therapy. (JD) [Not available in hardcopy due to marginal legibility of original document]
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Montgomery County Superintendent of Schools, Norristown, PA.