ERIC Number: ED031832
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969
Reference Count: N/A
The Talented Student; A Validation of the Creativity-Intelligence Distinction.
Wallach, Michael A.; Wing, Cliff W., Jr.
To investigate intelligence level, academic achievement, nonacademic achievement, ideational productivity, and the uniqueness of the ideas produced, a sample of 503 incoming freshman university students was recruited. Intelligence was measured by using students' Scholastic Aptitude Test scores; verbal and visual stimuli were used to elicit ideas. Correlations between intelligence and the number and uniqueness of ideas were low while high productivity and high uniqueness scores tended to go together. Students were divided into groups of high and low intelligence, high and low ideational productivity, and high and low ideational uniqueness. Intelligence was found to exert no effect on the generality of nonacademic accomplishments; however, the number of ideas typically produced by the student and the uniqueness of the ideas had a significant impact on nonacademic accomplishments (p less than .001 for the total group). Implications were that students who will succeed at creative writing, science, painting, or some other endeavor cannot be predicted by grades or test scores alone. Nonacademic accomplishments should be examined and credited when searching for talented students. (RJ)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cognitive Processes, College Admission, College Students, Creativity, Exceptional Child Research, Extracurricular Activities, Gifted, Identification, Individual Characteristics, Intelligence, Prediction, Productive Thinking, Talent Identification
Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc., 383 Madison Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10017 ($3.95).
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A