ERIC Number: ED031747
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Vocational Development for Gifted Girls--A Comparison of Maslovian Needs of Gifted Males and Females Between the Ages of Ten and Seventy Years.
Groth, Norma Jean
Gifted girls and women have the unique aspect of attempting to fulfill needs in both the affective and the cognitive domains. Using Maslow's hierarchy of needs, this study was designed to formulate some guidelines for the vocational counseling of gifted girls and women by ascertaining their developmental need levels. Need levels were compared with those of gifted boys and men. A cross-sectional study was used to determine the developmental needs from 10 to 70 years. Data was collected from 361 gifted males and females. This data consisted of three wishes made by each subject. The wishes were used projectively to reflect the needs and valences of the individuals. Results are given in terms of valences: maturity, fantasy, physiological, safety, love, self-esteem and self-actualization. Conclusions and implications are that the years 14 and 40 are apparently traumatic for gifted women. By 40, love needs have been satiated and the suppressed cognitive needs come to the surface. At 40, many women find resistance in fulfilling these goals due to age, fear, or other external factors. References and data tables are included. (Author/SJ)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Oxnard School District, CA.; American Personnel and Guidance Association, Washington, DC.
Note: Paper was presented at the American Personnel and Guidance Convention, Las Vegas, Nevada, March 30-April 3, 1969.