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ERIC Number: ED031704
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Mar
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Language, Thought and Memory in Linguistic Performance, A Thought View.
Lado, Robert
The contrasting views of Saussure and Bloomfield ("mentalist" versus "mechanist"), the hypotheses of Whorf showing the influence of language on certain habits of thought, and Chomsky's notion of generative transformational grammar in the context of language use are reviewed. The author notes the limits of these systems and suggests that in dealing with linguistic performance, time and speed, length and memory, and non-linguistic thought (five factors which Chomsky does not deal with) are involved and relevant. He posits the following hypotheses that go beyond Chomsky's view of competence: (1) Thought and language are distinct, and both are involved in performance. (2) Thought is central and language is a symbolic system that refers incompletely to it. (3) Immediate memory works with utterances and texts; longer term memory works with thought. (4) If (3), then translation will show greater interference across languages than delayed recall. (5) If relating thought and language simultaneously at normal speed and under normal thought density constitutes performance, then exercises that involve such performance should increase learning and motivation in foreign language teaching. This tentative "thought" view is presented in its present form in the hope that it will be "stimulating and thought provoking." (AMM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper given at the Third Annual TESOL Convention, Chicago, Illinois, March 5-8, 1969.