ERIC Number: ED031703
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Socio-Economic and Ethnic Correlates of Dialect Differences.
Markel, Norman N.; Sharpless, Clair Ann
This study examines the pronunciation characteristics of Negro and white children from different socio-economic classes in Gainesville, Florida. As expected, there are significant differences between the white and Negro children. However, all of the Negroes and the higher whites produce both "General American" and "Southern" dialect pronunciations. Only the lower class white children do not deviate from a "Southern" dialect. This study also examines the pronunciation characteristics of the higher and lower socio-economic classes within both the Negro and white groups. There are no significant differences between the High and Low Negro groups. However, the pronunciation of five vowels differentiate the High and Low white groups. This result supports the hypothesis of greater dialect cleavage between socio-economic classes within the white community than in the Negro community. The Negro children shared two pronunciations with the Low white children. The High white pronunciations are "General American," while the Low white and Negro groups give "Southern" pronunciations. These results indicate the need for more intensive dialect investigations. It may be that there are vast dialect cleavages (or similarities) between both Negroes and whites and the socio-economic classes within these ethnic groups in different geographic areas. (Authors/DO)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
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Note: Paper presented at Linguistic Society of America Annual Meeting, New York, N.Y., December 28-30, 1968.