ERIC Number: ED031425
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Feb-6
Reference Count: 0
A Cybernetic Modification Scheme for an Instructional System.
Clark, Michal C.; Merrill, M. David
A cybernetic subcomponent is proposed which can gather the necessary information and make the operating decisions to allow one system of instruction (M.D. Merrill's) to respond to and provide for differential needs within the individual learner. (Merrill's system divides the universe of instructional objectives into a taxonomy of seven categories, each having associated with it a paradigm for instruction of its objectives.) A model modification scheme for computer-assisted instruction is proposed for introducing and using information on individual learner aptitudes that allows the system to provide individually prescribed instruction. Aptitudes have associated with them value scales so that the value of a learner's aptitude will be associated with a value of a parameter for one of the instructional paradigms. (Each paradigm has more than 50 parameters associated with it.) Parameter values (scaled from 0 to 1.0) for a given individual are always changing, being reset after every learner response. The model monitors performance and changes parameter values, resulting in changes in the content, organization, and sequencing of instructional displays. Before the modification schedule can be incorporated into an instructional system and implemented for use, relevant parameters must be identified and scaled; experiments must be run to validate the scheme. Collection of computer-generated data for demonstration of the system is currently in the planning stages. (JS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented to the national convention of the American Educational Research Association, Los Angeles, California, February 6, 1969.