ERIC Number: ED031403
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Reference Count: N/A
An Analysis of Types of Concepts Used by Fourth Through Ninth Graders in Writing Explanations of Scientific Terms.
Scriven, Eldon George
Investigated were the proportions of concept types used by fourth through ninth graders to explain scientific terms. Data were collected and analyzed to relate the types of concepts used by students in their explanations to the variables of sex, grade level, and intelligence. An analysis of the types of concepts used by groups of students to explain task terms revealed the conceptual structures with which they categorized meanings of referents in their environment. Asahel Woodruff's concept type classification was used. It was found that (1) different groups of students do use different proportions of concept types to explain scientific task terms. (2) the variables of intelligence and grade level appear to exert the most influence upon concept usage, (3) high and medium I.Q. groups use mainly structure and process type concepts, (4) process concepts are used by all intelligence levels with increasing frequency as students advance in grade groupings, (5) low I.Q. students use proportionately more quality concepts than process or structure concepts at all grade levels, and (6) boys and girls do not differ significantly in the porportions of concept types which they use. (RS)
Descriptors: Concept Formation, Doctoral Dissertations, Elementary School Science, Learning, Science Education, Secondary School Science, Vocabulary
University Microfilms, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 67-2721, Microfilm $3.00, Xerography $8.00).
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY.