ERIC Number: ED031317
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1964
Reference Count: N/A
Relocated American Indians in the San Francisco Bay Area.
Human Organization, v23 n4 Winter 1964
American Indians who come to the San Francisco Bay Area choose to associate primarily with other Indians of their own or differing tribes in both informal and formal social interaction. Urbanization of Indians occurs on a large scale because of government relocation programs; however, the background in small rural folk communities creates a dependent relationship with the white world. After primary adjustment to the metropolitan centers in the Bay Area, most Indians form the closest ties with relatives. Informal Indian social interaction, such as home visiting and family gatherings, occurs frequently. Formal Indian interaction consists of 16 organizations which hold regular activities, such as Indian dances and pow-wows; but an actual, well-organized Indian community does not exist. Three characteristic attitudes of Indians as a minority group toward whites are: (1) suspicion; (2) potential dependency; and (3) fear of white rejection. It appears that rather than an assimilation into the white community, a neo-Indian social identity is emerging which is pan-Indian in its orientation. (JAM)
Descriptors: Acculturation, American Indians, Attitudes, Ethnic Grouping, Family Relationship, Group Dynamics, Identification (Psychology), Interaction, Metropolitan Areas, Migration, Minority Groups, Relocation, Rural Urban Differences, Self Concept, Social Adjustment, Social Isolation, Social Organizations, Urbanization
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Society for Applied Anthropology, Lexington, KY.
Identifiers - Location: California