ERIC Number: ED031291
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1969-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
The Development of Early Social Interaction--An Ethological Approach.
Omark, Donald R.; Edelman, Murray S.
The ethological approach may become an important methodology in the developmental studies of children. The ethological approach takes into consideration the total world of the child, social and cognitive, when the child's development in that world is analyzed. Information can be obtained both from studies of other primates (for example, the study of the social behavior of monkeys) and from the study of the behavior of children. Examples of the latter include (1) a study of hierarchization in first grade boys, in which it was found that the boys could structure social relations earlier than physical relations; (2) a study of the staring encounter in nursery school and first grade boys, which showed that the nursery school boys did not have a concept of a dominance hierarchy but that the first grade boys did; and (3) a study in cooperative picture drawing, which demonstrated that boys in the first grade would more often integrate their efforts while girls at that age would either imitate each other or draw independently. In this last study, there appeared no sex differences in the way the drawings were done by nursery school children; all were primarily individual efforts. (WD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Chicago Univ., IL. Committee on Human Development.