ERIC Number: ED031290
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1967
Reference Count: N/A
The Role of Incentives in Discrimination Learning of Children With Varying Pre-School Experience.
Berke, Melvyn; Johnson, Edward E.
It was the purpose of this study to ascertain whether the culturally disadvantaged child, who appeared to adhere to the principle of immediate gratification, had learned, as a function of his participation in Head Start, a more future-related orientation when compared to his non-Head Start counterparts. One hundred and eighty-seven 4- and 5-year-olds, divided among three educational conditions, were given a simple learning task with four conditions of reinforcement. The educational conditions were children with 1 to 3 months of Head Start (I), children with 10 to 12 months of Head Start (II), and children with no Head Start (III). The reinforcement conditions were a light flash, a promise of future reward, an immediate reward (candy), and a token that could be cashed in later. In overall performance, groups I and II were significantly superior to III. Specifically, they were superior under the "promise of a future reward" condition. No significant differences were found between the performances of groups I and II. Group III, however, displayed a significant difference in performance under the "promise" and "immediate reward" conditions, in favor of the latter. (WD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Economic Opportunity, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Southern Univ. and Agricultural and Mechanical Coll., Baton Rouge, LA.