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ERIC Number: ED031194
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Apr
Pages: 27
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
An Empirical Occupational Classification Derived from a Theory of Personality and Intended for Practice and Research.
Holland, John L.; And Others
This report deals with the origin, development, verification, and revision of an occupational classification. John L. Holland ("The Psychology of Vocational Choice," 1966) proposed an a priori occupational classification of six categories: realistic, intellectual, artistic, social, enterprising, and conventional. These classes were defined in terms of the six Vocational Preference Inventory (VPI) scales having the same names. Holland calculated a profile of VPI means for 4-year college students with specified occupational plans. An occupation's coded profile defined an occupation's place in the classification. In developing this revised classification, 20,313 2-year college students were added to Holland's sample of 4-year college students; data for some employed adults were also included. In contrast to Holland's classification, in which the arrangements of subgroups within a major class had no special meaning, here the major classes and subclasses were arranged according to a hexagonal model that indicated inter- and intra-class relationships. Student occupational aspirations were arranged within the model according to their psychological relatedness. The classification has potential applications for vocational guidance, industrial personnel work, and for research in education, psychology, and sociology. (MB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Coll. Testing Program, Iowa City, IA. Research and Development Div.