ERIC Number: ED031132
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Mar-4
Reference Count: 0
A New Era for Higher Education.
Bowen, Howard R.
The greatest weakness of US liberal education is that students are not encouraged to learn outside the rigidly structured system of courses, credits, grades, and frequent tests. Some criticisms of liberal education concern professors who are more devoted to their disciplines than to their students, and the lack of diversification of curricula for students of differing talents and temperments. Educational methods emphasize formal quantitative standards which direct students' motivation toward meeting the requirements and away from genuine learning. On the matter of university governance, 5 internal groups are competing for influence and power: the governing board, the administration, faculty, students, and non-academic staff. The last 3 groups are clamoring for increasing authority in decision making. One possible solution would be to have each group, except the governing board, represented on an advisory council which would submit its decisions to the governing board for review. In this way the various groups in the university would function through discussion and persuasion, not coercion, and final authority would still rest with the president of the university. There are important values in the present system of governance, but it should be an instrument of educational reform. Faculty members and administrators should adapt liberal education to the twentieth century in order to promote a better education for today's undergraduates. (WM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Association for Higher Education, Washington, DC.
Note: Paper presented to the 2nd General Session of the 24th National Conference on Higher Education, March 4, 1969, Chicago, Illinois