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ERIC Number: ED030922
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968
Pages: 9
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Creative and Cognitive Abilities of White and Negro Children.
Richmond, Bert O.
The purpose of this study was to ascertain both the cognitive and creative output of white and Negro children. Intelligence and creativity test batteries were administered to 34 Negro and to 36 white eighth grade children in segregated, rural schools in a culturally deprived area of Georgia. Specific hypotheses tested were: (1) the level of cognitive functioning of Negro students differs significantly from that of white students in similar socioeconomic conditions, (2) white students score significantly higher than Negroes on measures of creativity, (3) creativity scores provide an understanding of students in addition to that proved by the traditional tests of intelligence, and (4) sex differences exist in both cognitive and creative ability. A one-way analysis of variance was used to obtain differences in creativity and cognitive ability for sex and race. The first hypothesis was supported. The second indicated that whereas white students were better able to verbalize than Negroes, the latter scored higher on figural elaboration. Sex differences were insignificant. Implications are inconclusive, but suggest that a deeper understanding of creativity coupled with improved educational practices to enhance creative expression might provide more meaningful educational experiences to the disadvantaged child. (Author/CJ)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Georgia Univ., Athens.