ERIC Number: ED030859
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968
Reference Count: 0
Teaching New Vowel Sounds Using Real-Time Spectral Displays.
Chase, Richard Allen; And Others
The primary objective of this study was to find out if young (normal-hearing) children could be taught a novel vowel sound by means of visual information alone, that is, without benefit of auditory presentation of the sound or instructions on the shaping of the vocal tract for its production. A second objective was to find out whether the rate and nature of learning by means of visual information were different for children and young adults. A modified version of the Visible Speech Translator developed by Bell Telephone Laboratories was used in the study. The subjects participating consisted of ten young adult males and ten children, males and females, between the ages of four and five years old. The vowel /y/ which occurs in the phonological systems of French and German but not in American English was selected for learning. All subjects showed evidence of learning in the context of the experiment. In every case, marked modification of vocalization patterns in the direction of the novel vowel was obtained in the first 100 trials. Most subjects continued to demonstrate improvement through the remainder of the training sequence. No striking differences in the performance of adults and children were obtained. (DO)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD. Neurocommunications Lab.
Note: Paper published in the 1968 Annual Report, Neurocommunication Laboratory, Dept. of Psychiatry, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md. 21218.