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ERIC Number: ED030858
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
A Pilot Study on the Ability of Young Children and Adults to Identify and Reproduce Novel Speech Sounds.
Yeni-Komshian, Grace; And Others
This study was designed to compare children and adults on their initial ability to identify and reproduce novel speech sounds and to evaluate their performance after receiving several training sessions in producing these sounds. The novel speech sounds used were two voiceless fricatives which are consonant phonemes in Arabic but which are completely foreign to monolingual English-speaking Americans. The sounds were presented in the context of one- and two- syllable Arabic words (target words). There were four target words, and each word was associated with a small plastic form of a common object. This approach simulated some elements of actual language learning. The objects were used to elicit identification responses from the subjects. This paper reports results for two male subjects who participated in seven half-hour training sessions given within a period of twelve days. One subject was five years old; the other was 21. Reproduction responses were judged by two adult listeners who are native speakers of Lebanese Arabic. Spectral analyses and amplitude-frequency cross-sections of the fricative portion were also made. Results do not provide any evidence that children are better than adults in acquiring novel speech sounds. (DO)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD. Neurocommunications Lab.
Note: Paper published in the 1968 Annual Report, Neurocommunications Laboratory, Dept. of Psychiatry, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md. 21218.