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ERIC Number: ED030846
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Mar
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Teaching Writing.
Robinson, Lois
Teaching writing is the frustrating part of teaching English as a second language, yet a secondary-school level student who is literate in his own language can be guided into writing a simple paragraph in English soon after he can read one. Guided writing limits the variety of errors a student can make, gives repeated practice in using a selected sentence pattern correctly, prepares a student to write freely with a manageable number of errors, and allows him to write confidently with no fear of unpleasant surprises. Transformation, insertion, completion, and change-in-point-of-view oral exercises can easily be adapted to guided writing. Copying, generally recommended as the first step in writing English, may be skipped if the student can already write in the Roman alphabet. Dictation, the next step, may begin with the teacher reading a very short sentence which the students repeat aloud and then write. (The teacher then rereads it.) This is followed by "standard paragraph dictation," which the student hears four times. A writing teacher should (1) work on one structure at a time, (2) substitute oral practice for grammatical explanations, (3) assign one or more guided exercises which practice the structure, (4) assign a topic which makes the use of the structure likely, and (5) provide the topic sentence until the student can do so on his own. (AMM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper given at the Third Annual TESOL Convention, Chicago, Illinois, March 5-8, 1969.