ERIC Number: ED030480
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1968-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Modification of Cognitive Skills Among Lower-Class Negro Children: A Follow-up Training Study. Report Number 6.
Sigel, Irving E.; Olmsted, Patricia
The four purposes of this study were (1) to test the long-range effects of classification training (CT) on disadvantaged black children, (2) to evaluate the effects of reintroducing CT to those previously trained, (3) to compare CT at two age periods (5 and 6 years old), and (4) to compare CT with attention training (AT). Of the 69 children used in this study, 30 had received CT the year before, and 39 had received no training (NT). CT focuses on the many attributes of objects that may be used as a basis for grouping. AT teaches the child to focus on observable attributes and to discriminate among them. The children were pretested, and 59 of them were divided into six groups: (1) CT-CT (the symbols signifying that the group received CT the previous year and the current year), (2) NT-CT, (3) CT-AT, (4) NT-AT, (5) CT-NT, and (6) NT-NT. Pretraining scores on a battery of grouping tasks indicated that the previous year's training had had a lasting effect, at least in facilitating a more flexible approach to classification in the current year. CT-CT, NT-AT, and NT-CT children showed a significant increase in grouping responses on posttests. (WD)
Descriptors: Attention Control, Classification, Cognitive Ability, Cognitive Development, Compensatory Education, Conservation (Concept), Disadvantaged, Discrimination Learning, Kindergarten Children, Logical Thinking, Longitudinal Studies, Preschool Children, Preschool Education, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Transfer of Training
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Economic Opportunity, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Head Start Evaluation and Research Center.; Merrill-Palmer Inst., Detroit, MI.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test