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ERIC Number: ED030380
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Mar-3
Pages: 4
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Understanding Aggression.
Scott, J. P.
Research in many fields of the social and biological sciences indicates that there are ecological, cultural, social, psychological, physiological, and genetic causes of aggression. The agonistic behavior system, which adapts to situations of social conflict, includes several patterns of conduct ranging from overt fighting to complete passivity. In view of the complex causes of and the multiple factors which influence aggression, and theory that postulates a simple solution to ALL problems of aggression is grossly inadequate. Our cultural ideals are not completely consistent with respect to aggression. On the one hand we express the religious and ethical ideal of peaceful and nonviolent behavior, and on the other we emphasize completition and conceive of every major activity in our society as a fight. As long as these cultural ideals are maintained, problems of aggression will be inevitable. Unlike political institutions, which include a mechanism in their organization for making change possible, universities have been set up as autocratic, hierarchical systems that are based on the notion that he who controls finance eventually controls educational policy. This kind of organization, lacking a mechanism for peaceful social change, has caused college students and faculty to use agression as a tool for obtaining certain goals. A rational division of powers and functions within the university is necessary, as well as a new organization by which the system can be changed in some way other than by violent confrontation. (WM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Association for Higher Education, Washington, DC.
Note: Paper presented at the 24th National Conference on Higher Education, Chicago, Illinois, March 3, 1969