ERIC Number: ED030196
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969
Reference Count: 0
The Evolving Curriculum: Theories and Approaches.
Bent, Rudyard K.; Unruh, Adolph
The curriculum is the heart of the secondary school and its continuous revision is at once dependent upon the evolution of theories and the emerging needs of society. Curriculum theory may be regarded as a body of beliefs, assumptions, and knowledge derived through a process of critical analysis and substantiated by study and observation. Four main approaches to curriculum design have evolved. The subject centered approach emphasizes subject matter and the memorization of facts and might be called the traditional approach. The interest curriculum approach places emphasis on the learner, often to the neglect of content. The structure-of-knowledge approach focuses on understanding, development of perceptual skills, and symbolic operations which lead to an extension of learning and knowledge. Finally, the humanistic approach provides for motivation by considering the needs and interests of youth while retaining emphasis on subject matter. Curriculums of comprehensive high schools are designed for the areas of required courses, elective courses, and cocurricular activities. Rapid changes in society, however, generate many problems for secondary educators who attempt to keep curriculum vital. (TT)
Descriptors: Core Curriculum, Curriculum Design, Curriculum Development, Curriculum Problems, Elective Courses, Extracurricular Activities, Individualized Instruction, Intellectual Disciplines, Learning Experience, Secondary Schools, Theories
D.C. Heath and Company, 285 Columbus Avenue, Boston, Mass. 02116 ($7.95).
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Chapter 1 in SECONDARY SCHOOL CURRICULUM.