ERIC Number: ED030188
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Apr
Reference Count: 0
High School Track Position and Academic Achievement.
Schafer, Walter E.; Olexa, Carol
To test the hypothesis that track position exerts an independent, causal influence on the academic achievement of high school students, background data and complete high school records were compared for students who had begun as 10th graders in 1961 at two midwestern senior high schools. For statistical analysis, the two cohorts--753 students from the larger school in a university community of about 70,000 and 404 students from the smaller school in an industrial community of about 20,000--were combined into a single sample of 1,157 students. Control variables for the study included sex, father's occupation, intelligence test score, and GPA for the final semester of junior high school. Analysis of zero order correlation data supported the study's major hypothesis; tabulated findings indicated also that track position and academic achievement are positively correlated when controlling for the four confounding variables and when considered in the light of trend data showing the differential improvement in grades for college preparatory and noncollege preparatory students. Further research is suggested to determine the influence of five mediating processes as explanatory variables of the basic correlation. (JK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Pacific Sociological Assn. (Seattle, Wash., April 1969).