ERIC Number: ED030145
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Programmed Counseling Vs. Face-To-Face Counseling.
Ewing, Thomas N.; Gilbert, William M.
One session interviews were conducted with students planning to enter the University of Illinois. The interviews dealt with interpretation of aptitude and interest tests in relation to curricular plans, discussion of the students' expected level of achievement and areas of strength and weakness, a screening procedure for personality problems and the possible need for further counseling. The interviews were conducted under four conditions: (1) normal counseling, (2) normal counseling plus training in writing a self-counseling manual, (3) having the student use the self-counseling manual, and (4) counseling in which the counselor conducted the interview by following the text of the self-counseling manual. Student reactions to the interviews are presented. Students reacted more favorably to and believed they received more help from face-to-face counseling than from programmed counseling. However, the general level of acceptance of programmed counseling was high, and the results support the use of programmed counseling as a substitute for or as an adjunct to face-to-face counseling in terms of acceptance. (Author/PS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: American Psychological Association, Washington, DC.
Note: Paper presented at the American Psychological Association Convention, San Francisco, California, August 30--September 3, 1968