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ERIC Number: ED030110
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968
Pages: 8
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Bilingualism and Conservation.
Liedtke, W.W.; Nelson, L.D.
In a study conducted at the University of Alberta, an attempt was made to use Piagetian-type observations as an assessment of intellectual capacities and to determine whether learning a second language at an early age has beneficial or detrimental effects on cognitive functioning. For this purpose an 18-question test dealing with conservation (awareness of invariance) and measurement of length was constructed. The six subtests and the questions used were similar to the tests used by Piaget and dealt with the following topics: reconstructing relations of distance, conservation of length, conservation of length with change and position, conservation of length with distortion of shape, measurement of length, and subdividing a straight line. According to Piaget the concepts represented by these subtests are dependent on each other and are acquired in a definite sequence. Fifty monolingual first grade children and 50 bilingual first graders were tested individually. The mean for the bilingual sample on the conservation test was significantly higher than the mean for the monolingual sample. The result here seems to be in agreement with Peal and Lambert's finding that bilingualism has favorable effects on intellectual functioning. (DO)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A