ERIC Number: ED029881
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Reference Count: N/A
A Comparison of the Relative Effectiveness of Teaching Composition by Closed-Circuit Television and by Conventional Classroom Procedures.
Patty, Austin Horace
The hypothesis that students taught written composition by television would achieve as well as students taught in conventional classrooms in terms of writing samples was tested in this study. Members of an experimental group of 130 students at Oregon State University were matched with students in a control group according to comparable writing skill determined by a pretest composition. The pairs were then arranged in three subgroups on the basis of their pretest achievement. After completing the course (Writing 111), the students again submitted compositions for evaluation. The writings were examined by three graders, the reliability coefficients for the scoring being at or above .70. Results of the study were that (1) both experimental and control groups demonstrated a mean gain in achievement, (2) no statistically significant difference existed between the achievements of the two groups, and (3) the experimental subgroup which ranked lowest on the writing sample pretest made a greater gain, in relation to its control subgroup, than did either of the other experimental subgroups. The conclusion was made that students taught by television made as great a gain in writing ability as those taught by conventional methods. (Author/LH)
Descriptors: Achievement Gains, Closed Circuit Television, Conventional Instruction, Educational Television, Electronic Classrooms, English Instruction, Student Improvement, Teaching Methods, Television Research, Writing (Composition), Writing Skills
University Microfilms, A Xerox Company, 300 N. Zeeb Rd., Ann Arbor, Michigan 48103 (Order No. 67-5405, Microfilm $3.00, Xerography $4.00).
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ph. D. Dissertation, Oregon State University.