ERIC Number: ED029874
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966
Reference Count: N/A
A Study of the Use of Figurative Language by Sixth Grade Children.
Horne, Rose Nell
The purposes of this study were (1) to investigate the effectivenss of activities centered around children's literature on pupils' use and understanding of figurative language, (2) to study the effect of the activities on pupils' reading vocabulary and comprehension, and (3) to examine the relationship of age, sex, IQ, and socioeconomic status to the us e and understanding of figures of speech. An experimental group of 73 sixth-grade pupils in Rome, Georgia, took part in 24 work sessions to increase their grasp of figures of speech. Before and after the sessions, these students and 72 others in a control group took tests and submitted writing samples. Following the work sessions, the experimental group scored significantly higher (.01 level) in frequency of use and understanding of figures of speech, but scores on reading and vocabulary in the two groups did not differ significantly. High IQ scores tended to accompany the understanding of, but not the use of, figures of speech. Age, Sex, and socioeconomic status had no significant effects. Conclusions were that sixth-grade pupils profit from instruction in figurative language, that experience appears to be more important than age in the production of figures of speech, and that work sessions based on children's literature are effective in motivating children to produce images. (Author/LH)
Descriptors: Books, Childrens Literature, Creative Writing, Descriptive Writing, English Instruction, Figurative Language, Grade 6, Intelligence Quotient, Language Instruction, Learning Activities, Literary Devices, Reading Comprehension, Reading Development, Reading Skills, Teaching Methods, Vocabulary Development, Writing (Composition), Writing Skills
University Microfilms, A Xerox Company, 300 N. Zeeb Rd., Ann Arbor, Michigan 4810 3 (Order No. 67-3555, Microfilm $3.00, Xerography $6.20).
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ed.D. Dissertation, University of Georgia.