ERIC Number: ED029442
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Dec-15
Reference Count: 0
Teaching Parents and Others Principles of Behavioral Control for Modifying the Behavior of Children. Final Report.
Walder, Leopold O.; And Others
A program to teach behavioral analysis principles and applications to parents and other caretakers of disturbing children (normal, retarded, neurotic, psychotic, and others) was developed while serving 50 families. A nine-family study was then done comparing three 12-week treatments (minimum contact 1, nonoperant 1, and operant 1) in terms of therapeutic process and outcome. A second 12-week treatment period 3 weeks after the first was designed, in part, to offer operant 2 to the six families who had not received operant in treatment period 1. Three measurement periods occurred: one before treatment 1, one after treatment 1, and another after treatment 2. Process data were collected during all treatment periods; and outcome data, based on objective ratings of videotapes of parent-child interactions and parents' psychological test performances were collected during all measurement periods. Children in all groups improved in general behavior categories and in specific-to-each-family categories. Operant groups seemed better but there were not enough cases for statistical significance. The psychological tests of the six operant-only parent pairs improved more than did the three nonoperant-then-operant parent pairs. Recommendations for further research and applications are presented. (Author/JD)
Descriptors: Behavior Change, Behavior Problems, Case Studies, Exceptional Child Research, Family Problems, Group Discussion, Handicapped Children, Home Visits, Individual Counseling, Operant Conditioning, Parent Child Relationship, Parent Counseling, Parent Participation, Parent Role, Program Evaluation, Reinforcement, Rewards, Sensitivity Training, Videotape Recordings
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Institute for Behavioral Research, Silver Spring, MD.