ERIC Number: ED029408
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968
Reference Count: 0
The Effect of Differences in Curricula and Experiences on Social Work Student Attitudes and Knowledge about Mental Retardation.
Begab, Michael J.
To determine the effects of educational experiences on the knowledge of and attitudes toward mental retardation, 279 newly admitted graduate students and 288 graduating students in seven schools of social work completed a personal data sheet, semantic differential rating scales, a knowledge inventory, and a client preference rank order scale. Subjects having little experience with the retarded rated them less favorably on all 21 semantic scales (p.01) while subjects with retarded siblings or relatives tended to be more favorable and knowledgeable. Students had a general image of the retarded based on characteristics of the severely and moderately handicapped; the retarded ranked sixth in preference among 10 client groups. Client preference changes occurred more often in high exposure schools but rank ordering of client groups remained basically unchanged. Students in field instruction placements serving the retarded were superior in knowledge (p=.05) and showed greater attitude changes and greater extremes in client preference (predominantly in a positive direction). Conclusions were that the introduction of content on mental retardation in social work curriculum does not materially affect knowledge and attitudes. (RJ)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Attitude Change, Educational Experience, Exceptional Child Research, Field Experience Programs, Graduate Study, Interpersonal Relationship, Marital Status, Mental Retardation, Parent Background, Professional Education, Rating Scales, Religious Differences, Sex Differences, Social Work, Socioeconomic Status, Student Attitudes, Student Interests
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Washington, DC. Secretary's Committee on Mental Retardation.
Authoring Institution: Catholic Univ. of America, Washington, DC.