ERIC Number: ED029369
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Feb
Reference Count: 0
A Social System Analysis of Innovation in Sixteen School Districts.
Christie, Samuel G.; Scribner, Jay D.
In an attempt to provide information about the best strategies for effecting change, data were collected from 65 school board members, 16 superintendents, 16 principals, and 358 teachers in 16 southern California school districts. Two scales to measure the dependent variable, rate of adoption of educational innovations, were developed--one to measure district adoption and the other to measure individual teacher adoption. Other independent variables included cosmopoliteness (the use of outside sources for new educational ideas); opinion leadership on innovation; communication patterns; role responsibilities; and certain organizational variables such as expenditure, size, assessed valuation per ADA, and pupil-teacher ratio. The investigation sought to determine (1) which variables were related to innovation, (2) the number of levels at which a variable was significant, (3) the constellation of variables significant at each level, and (4) how strongly related to innovation were these groups of variables. The major result was that three variables--board conception of community attitude toward innovation, conflict over responsibility for determining educational policy, and expenditure--explain 77 percent of the variation in the rate of district adoption of innovation. (HW)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Amer. Educ. Res. Assn. (Los Angeles, Calif., Feb. 1969)