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ERIC Number: ED028964
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Designing Simulation Systems.
Twelker, Paul A.
This paper outlines the Teaching Research approach to designing instructional simulation systems, a three-phase approach which involves (1) determining what to teach, (2) determining how best it might be taught, and (3) validating the system. An effort is made to "expose the vital decision points" in each of the 13 steps listed: (1) Define the instructional problem, (2) Describe the operational educational system, (3) Relate the operational system to the problem, (4) Specify objectives in behavioral terms, (5) Generate criterion measures, (6) Determine appropriateness of simulation, (7) Determine type of simulation required (interpersonal-ascendent simulation, machine or media-ascendent simulation, or nonsimulation games), (8) Develop specifications for simulation experience, (9) Develop simulation system prototype, (10) Try out prototype system, (11) Modify the prototype system, (12) Conduct field trial, (13) Make further modifications to the system deemed appropriate from field trial evidence. Included in the Step 6 outline are a list of situations in which simulation may be a useful, cost-justified method and a list of arguments against simulation. A table for use in Step 7 presents the relative advantages (in terms of 18 instructional factors) of each of three types of simulation techniques. Four references are listed. (JS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Los Angeles, California, February 1969