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ERIC Number: ED028916
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Feb-6
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Recall of Base and Surface Forms of Sentences.
Simison, Diane
Memory and storage for base and surface sentence forms were compared by examining memory for these kinds of sentences. It was hypothesized that a subject hearing a sentence transforms it to its base form, stores it in this form, and recalls it, again transforming it, in its surface form. Thirty undergraduate educational psychology students, divided randomly into two groups, heard 50 taped sentences, each followed by a list of eight unrelated words. Half of the sentences were in base form; half, in surface. After they heard each sentence and its list of words, a buzzer signaled them to repeat the sentence and a second buzzer signaled them to repeat the wordlist. They were given unlimited time for recall. Mean number of words recalled did not differ significantly for groups or for structure or type. Significantly greater numbers of errors were made by subjects when attempting to recall the surface structure form than when attempting to recall the base form. Duncan multiple range test showed that some sentence types (SVO+VO and SVO+O) were more difficult to recall than other types but that they were not significantly different from one another. Group 2 made relatively more errors on surface forms than did group 1. It was concluded that grammatical structure appears to influence the three processes (decoding, storage, and encoding) of sentence recall. References are included. (MD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at American Educational Research Association conference, Los Angeles, Feb. 5-8, 1969