ERIC Number: ED028557
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1968
Reference Count: N/A
Mobility and Reading Habits of the Blind; An Inquiry Made for the Ministry of Health, Covering the Registered Blind of England and Wales in 1965. Government Social Survey.
Gray, P.G.; Todd, Jean E.
A random sample of registered blind people in England and Wales (5% of those aged 16 to 65 and 1.7% of those aged 65 to 79) was interviewed in 1965 regarding mobility, orientation, and reading. Data included age, age when blindness occurred, sex, residual sight for mobility, residual sight for reading, other disabilities, and ability to walk briskly when guided. Of those surveyed, 63% traveled independently during a 1-week period with more men than women and more partially sighted than totally blind traveling independently. Age at onset of blindness was important in learning to read braille: 88% of those blind from birth learned but 87% of those aged 60 to 64 at onset of blindness did not. Eighty-three percent of those reading embossed type and owning a talking book machine preferred the talking book. Braille and Moon readers were tested and the faster readers were found to have a higher proportion of women, earlier onset of blindness, and were taught braille in school. Data are presented on residual sight and type of mobility aid used; 107 tables and a copy of the questionnaire are provided. (LE)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Blindness, Braille, Exceptional Child Research, Mobility Aids, Partial Vision, Reading, Reading Rate, Sex Differences, Statistical Data, Talking Books, Tests, Visual Impairments, Visually Handicapped Mobility
Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 49 High Holburn, London W.C.1.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Ministry of Health, London (England).
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (Great Britain)