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ERIC Number: ED028524
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Feb-8
Pages: 9
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Economic Basis of Multilateral Bargaining in Public Education.
Moskow, Michael H.; And Others
Collective bargaining in public education differs significantly from collective bargaining in private industry. Whereas bargaining tends to be bilateral between employers and employee organizations in the private sector, it tends to be multilateral (more than two groups involved) in education. Economic analysis gives an explanation for this difference. Two sources of demand occur for public education: User demand for direct personal benefits of education, and nonuser demand for social benefits of education. User demand tends to be more intensive and less sensitive to changes in cost than nonuser demand. These conflicting demands must be reconciled by a political process because shares of the cost of public education are not related to use of, or direct benefit derived from, the system. When collective bargaining occurs on salaries, the reconciliation of these demand interests is often reflected in multilateral bargaining. That this is so derives from the nature of a public good for which no reasonably priced alternative is available. With private goods, the consumer can switch his demand to other suppliers if the price is too high, but with education all taxpayers are required to pay, regardless of whether they benefit directly from the service. (TT)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Amer. Educ. Res. Assn. (Los Angeles, Calif., Feb. 8, 1969).