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ERIC Number: ED028447
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1969-Mar-8
Pages: 9
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Role of TESOL in Bilingual Education for the Navajo Child.
Pfeiffer, Anita
In American-Indian and Spanish-American populations, many schools ignore the first language and culture of their students and teach English as a second language in a "hit and miss" manner. Bringing some order out of this chaos has been one of TESOL's most significant contributions. The author feels, however, that there is no substance to teaching English to speakers of other languages in and of itself; it has value only as a means of helping the child communicate in a different medium. In 1967, a case study was made which focused on a Kwakiutl Indian considered particularly well-adapted and bicultural. The summary of the study showed that an individual could make one of five choices in dealing with another culture. He could (1) completely reject the new culture; (2) completely reject his own culture; (3) reject both cultures and start a new one--e.g., the Peyote religious sect; (4) remain suspended between the two cultural systems, escaping through excessive drinking, with a high degree of anxiety; or (5) participate in two or more cultural systems, moving back and forth between them. The author describes herself as a person having made the fifth choice. She discusses the bilingual, bicultural program for Navajo children at Rough Rock Demonstration School in Chinle, Arizona. (AMM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A