ERIC Number: ED028439
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Feb-1
Reference Count: 0
Psychological Variables and Ability to Pronounce a Second Language.
Taylor, Linda L.; And Others
The present study tested the hypothesis that the ability to speak a second language authentically or like a native speaker was related to an individual's sensitivity to cues in interpersonal situations--his empathic capacity. A test of empathy consisting of silent film clips shown at various speeds was shown to subjects who were asked to indicate each observed change in facial expression. A group of 28 subjects took this and additional control tests. Following these tests the subjects learned basic conversations in Japanese in four one-hour sessions. Their pronunciation was then rated by native Japanese speakers on general authenticity and on specific phonetic details for five spontaneous sentences and five sentences repeated after the instructor. The results indicated differences in speaking skills which were related to two clusters of variables representing independent personality characteristics. An empathy dimension was defined by four variables (tolerance to anxiety, intelligence, involvement in emotional experiences, and perception of emotional expression) and was related to correct pronunciation of specific details in spontaneous sentences (r = +.72). An intuition dimension consisting of three variables was significantly related to general authenticity of pronunciation of repeated sentences (r = +.72). Each cluster was shown to be a significant predictor of skill in second language pronunciation. (Authors/JD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Center for Research on Language and Language Behavior.
Note: Report included in Studies in Language and Language Behavior, Progress Report VIII.