ERIC Number: ED028413
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1968
Reference Count: N/A
On Utterance Final  and [u] in Portuguese.
Feldman, David M.
Although standard descriptions of spoken Brazilian Portuguese assign separate allophones to both /1/ and /u/ in utterance-final position after a vowel, it has been observed that in rapid speech native speakers articulate /l/ and /u/ in this position so that they are indistinguishable to the average speaker. To answer questions about the possible merger of phonetic norms, loss of phonemic contrasts, and syllable structure, an aural recognition test of minimal pairs was devised and spectrographic and fluoroscopic studies were made. The subjects were native speakers from the Cearense, Fluminense, Caipira and Sao Paulo dialect areas. Results of the preliminary aural recognition test proved inconclusive. The instrument tests showed a maximal differentiation between /l/ and /u/ in utterance-final position after a vowel revealed in the speech of the Sao Paulo and virtually all measurable distinction between /l/ and /u/ in this position was lost. It was concluded that utterance final /.CVu/ and /.DVl/ (stressed vowels) are characteristically realized as single syllables and that informants distinguish between members of such pairs as "mel"/"meu" on the basis of the nuclear vowel rather than any contrast in the final consonant. Suggestions are given for teaching these sounds to speakers of Spanish and English. (JD)
Descriptors: Acoustic Phonetics, Applied Linguistics, Articulation (Speech), Consonants, Interference (Language), Phonemes, Phonetic Analysis, Portuguese, Pronunciation, Second Language Learning, Sound Spectrographs, Syllables, Vowels
Director, Program in Linguistics, California State College at Fullerton, 800 No. State College Boulevard, Fullerton, California 92631.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: California State Coll., Fullerton. Lab for Phonetic Research.