ERIC Number: ED028375
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1960
Reference Count: 0
A Comparative Study of Lecture and Discussion Methods. Studies in Adult Group Learning in the Liberal Arts.
Hill, Richard J.
Effectiveness of discussion methods directed by lay leaders was compared with effectiveness of the lecture method used by professional subject matter specialists in the liberal arts program, The Ways of Mankind, given by the University Extension of the University of California at Los Angeles. Effectiveness was defined in terms of the degree to which objectives of liberal adult education were achieved: development of mental abilities or skills; changes in values, interests, or attitudes; and increased knowledge. Data were collected from the twelve discussion groups composed of 22 to 28 members, and lectures with 25 to 233 members, by pre and post questionnaires and semi-structured interviewed, and by direct observation. General conclusions were that the same kinds of people were attracted by both methods: equal satisfaction was expressed with both presentations; and with certain exceptions, both methods had the same effect on participants. Participants were professionals, highly educated, economically established, between 30 and 45 years of age, married, liberal, and over-represented by women and the Jewish religion. Attendance declined throughout the programs, but was accepted as normal for this type of educational program. The appendix includes measurement instruments, bibliography, review of research, and statistical data. (pt)
Descriptors: Attendance Patterns, Attitude Change, Bibliographies, Citizen Participation, Comparative Analysis, Democratic Values, General Education, Group Discussion, Knowledge Level, Lay People, Lecture Method, Participant Characteristics, Participant Satisfaction, Questionnaires, Skill Development, Specialists, Statistical Data
Library of Continuing Education, 107 Roney Lane, Syracuse, N.Y. 13210 ($.35)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Fund for Adult Education, White Plains, NY.