ERIC Number: ED028044
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Feb
The Identification of Word Meaning from Sentence Contexts: An Effect of Presentation Order.
Ammon, Paul R.; Graves, Jack A.
Sixty fourth- and fifth-grade children listened to six series of six sentences each, with each sentence in a series containing the same artificial word. The task was to assign to the artificial word a meaning which would fit all sentence contexts in the series. Preliminary data provided an estimate of the probability that a particular sentence, presented in isolation, would elicit a correct response. The sentence most likely to elicit a correct response in a particular series was called the "best" sentence. Two presentation orders were used: from best to worst and worst to best. There were two response conditions: one in which the subject responded after each sentence in a series, and one in which he responded only after hearing the entire series. Analysis of variance indicated that significantly more correct responses occurred with the best-to-worst presentation order. Number of responses and the interaction of this factor with presentation orde r were nonsignificant effects. Further analysis suggested that, with the worst-to-best order, early sentences tended to interfere with normal processing of subsequent sentences. Tables and references are included. (Author/CM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at American Educational Research Association conference, Los Angeles, Feb. 5-8, 1969.