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ERIC Number: ED028031
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Apr-25
Pages: 22
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Efficacy of Selected Stimulus Modalities in Acquisition and Retention of Sex-Typed Textual Responses of Kindergarten Children.
Braun, Carl
The hypothesis that a combined pictorial and textual stimulus would result in shared and thus reduced stimulus control was investigated. It was also hypothesized that interest-loading of the word stimuli would heighten the attention given to the stimulus. Colorful content words were pictorially representable nouns selected on the basis of their being boy-words or girl-words. A random sample of 240 kindergarten children was drawn from a sampling frame stratified by sex and ability level. Four sets of criterion word cards were prepared. Two of these were used for the auditory-visual presentation and were accompanied by illustration. The two sets used for the auditory presentation had only the words on the cards. Learning and test cycles were alternated until the subject responded correctly on two successive test trials. The results based on acquisition consistently favored the auditory treatment. With regard to interest-loading, insignificant F ratios were found for high ability children; significant ratios were found for low ability children. Boy- and girl-word treatments favored the sex with which they were associated. (WL)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at International Reading Association conference, Boston, Mass., April 24-27, 1968.