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ERIC Number: ED028029
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Apr
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Do We Apply What We Know About Comprehension.
Henderson, Edmund H.
The behaviorist and cognitive views of learning and language are contrasted, and some methodologies derived from the opposing positions are described. Programed reading in the form of machines, kits, and self-servicing devices of all sorts and most basal reader programs are identified as products of the behaviorist theory of reading instruction. The language experience approach is identified as a product of the cognitive theory. Curriculums derived from the behaviorist view of learning have produced gains in comprehension as measured by standardized tests. Presently, the cognitive view has had little effect on curriculum development, and differences in achievement as measured by standardized tests have not been impressive. However, one cognitive approach group has shown a 3-year superiority to a basal reader group. Utilization of current scientific and pedagogical knowledge to attain comprehensive reading instructional goals is recommended. References are listed. (BS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at International Reading Association conference, Boston, Mass., April 24-27, 1968.