ERIC Number: ED027987
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Mar-17
Reference Count: 0
The Changing Rural Scene: The Rural Setting--General.
Moe, Edward O.
In 1920, farm people comprised 61% of the rural population; in 1950, however, 60% of the rural population was composed of non-farm people. This change is attributed to increased agricultural efficiency and to expansion of industry and military services. From 1960 to 1966 the net out-migration averaged 804,000 persons per year from farm to city. Urban dwellers generally have completed more years of schooling, with rural non-farm people next and farm people having the lowest educational attainment. Rural farm and non-farm income has been shown to be substantially below that of the urban dweller. Two major factors seem to contribute to this situation: (1) earning capacities are low; and (2) incomes attained are below earning capacity. The most significant factors concerning small communities as they pertain to the educator are that small communities have fewer children than urban systems have, have a smaller proportion of adults, and have a larger number of older and dependent people. These factors must figure highly in educational planning for small communities. (DA)
Descriptors: Community Change, Demography, Educational Planning, Industrialization, Low Income, Occupational Mobility, Off Farm Agricultural Occupations, Part Time Farmers, Population Trends, Rural Areas, Rural Education, Rural Environment, Rural Farm Residents, Rural Urban Differences, Socioeconomic Influences
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at a conference on Solving Educational Problems in Sparsely Populated Areas (Denver, Colorado, March 17-19, 1969)