ERIC Number: ED027979
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1969
Reference Count: N/A
Academic Preschool, Champaign, Illinois; One of a Series of Successful Compensatory Education Programs. It Works: Preschool Program in Compensatory Education.
American Institutes for Research in the Behavioral Sciences, Palo Alto, CA.
A study was conducted to test the effectiveness of a preschool program which emphasized rapid attainment of basic academic concepts. The experimentals were 4- to 5-year-old lower class, predominantly Negro, children. For 2 years they received instruction 2 hours daily, 5 times a week, in a group where the pupil-teacher ratio was five to one. To induce learning at an above-average rate, positive and negative reinforcers were used. A comparison group was pretested and posttested. After the first year of instruction, results from the Stanford-Binet showed a gain of 17.14 points for the experimental group; the comparison group showed a gain of 8.07 points. After the second year of instruction, the experimental group gained an additional 8.61 points; the comparison group lost 2.96 points. Interviews with parents and observations of the participating children revealed no behavioral problems after the second week of instruction and no regressive behavior in general. (JS)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Arithmetic, Compensatory Education, Educational Objectives, Group Activities, Language Acquisition, Mathematics Curriculum, Negative Reinforcement, Positive Reinforcement, Preschool Education, Program Evaluation, Reading, Reinforcement
Supt. of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402 ($0.35)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Division of Compensatory Education, BESE.
Authoring Institution: American Institutes for Research in the Behavioral Sciences, Palo Alto, CA.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Stanford Binet Intelligence Scale; Wide Range Achievement Test