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ERIC Number: ED027869
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Feb-8
Pages: 24
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Bureaucratic Character of Adult Education Organizations and Innovativeness in Program Development.
Ringer, Wayne B.
The relationship between the bureaucratic character of an adult education organization and its willingness to accept innovation in program development was investigated. An instrument was constructed and administered to 45 Cooperative Extension Service organizations to obtain a profile of each one in terms of five characteristics of bureaucracy as perceived by its members. From a pilot study of ten organizations felt to represent opposite ends of the bureaucratic continuum, 60 items with the highest positive value were chosen and the final instrument sent to 675 staff members, eliciting a 92% usable response. It was hypothesized that, between the most and least innovative organizations, there would be no significant difference between the mean scores for each of five scales determined as measures of bureaucracy by the pilot study. The scales, which vary from rigid to flexible on a 5-point scale, are (1) hierarchy of authority, (2) division of labor, (3) rules and procedures, (4) rewards, and (5) impersonality. Budget and personnel were combined as resources; rules with rewards; and length of service and levels of authority were added to these variables in a regression equation. The five hypotheses were tested by Chi-square and the combined data analyzed in relation to each hypothesis using a multiple regression equation. Collectively the variables were significantly related to program innovations, but, individually analyzed, only resources and rules and rewards were so related. (MC)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Los Angeles, February 8, 1969).