ERIC Number: ED027660
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1962
Reference Count: 0
Work-Citizenship Preparation Services for Mentally Retarded Adults, A Report on: Selected Demonstration Project #278.
An experimental vocational rehabilitation program for the mentally retarded (mean IQ=65.8, mean level of academic achievement=3rd grade) was conducted by Goodwill Industries from December 1958 to November 1962. Of 371 clients who were evaluated for occupational, academic, and vocational abilities, 337 completed the full diagnostic phase of the program. Clients lived at home or in a boarding home; in addition to job skills they were trained in family living, personal hygiene, conduct, citizenship, and work attitudes. Jobs were broken into separate tasks; clients received tryouts in from three to seven work areas and were evaluated in each. A number of trainees received on the job training at other agencies. Ninety-six or 28.5% of the trainees were dropped from the program primarily because of behavioral disturbances that could not be resolved in the scope of the program. Of those who completed evaluation, 33 were placed in competitive jobs, three were recommended for further diagnosis, 26 for training in trade schools, and 179 for training in Goodwill Industries. Results indicate that the mentally retarded can successfully be trained to be employable and to live satisfactorily in the community; additional programs are needed to prevent or alleviate behavior problems which prevent otherwise capable persons from getting and holding jobs. (RP)
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Administration, Attitudes, Citizenship, Clinical Diagnosis, Exceptional Child Research, Family Life Education, Group Experience, Job Placement, Job Skills, Mental Retardation, Mild Mental Retardation, On the Job Training, Self Care Skills, Self Concept, Staff Role, Task Analysis, Vocational Rehabilitation, Work Experience Programs
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Missouri State Dept. of Education, Jefferson City. Vocational Rehabilitation Section.; Kansas Vocational Rehabilitation Service, Topeka.; Vocational Rehabilitation Administration (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Goodwill Industries, Kansas City, MO.