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ERIC Number: ED027650
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1966-Mar
Pages: 137
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Successful Retardate.
Albizu-Miranda, Carlos; And Others
To study the prevalence of mental retardation in Puerto Rico, the proportional distribution of successful retardates, and the processes accounting for success and failure, a random sample of 4,771 adults between the ages of 23 and 49 was screened by the Stanford Binet Form L and a vocabulary test. From this sample, the estimated retardation rate for Puerto Rican adults was 31%. Success was measured by comparing the average income of male retardates with the incomes of other males in the same community; those in the lowest 20% were considered unsuccessful. The proportion of successful retardates was dependent on the complexity of the community; in peasant communities, 78% were successful while in urban non-slums this was reduced to 60%. Intelligence and education contributed to the probability of success, especially for those with IQ's of 85 or above; however, in urban areas retardates with 4 years or less of school had a failure rate of 50% while for those with more schooling the rate was 30%. Over 60% of respondents had a positive self image although normals and successful retardates showed more positive self images (p=.05). Most retardation resulted from cultural deprivation. (MK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: Vocational Rehabilitation Administration (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Puerto Rico State Dept. of Education, Hato Rey. Div. of Vocational Rehabilitation.
Identifiers - Location: Puerto Rico