ERIC Number: ED027608
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Effectiveness of Using Graphic Illustrations with Social Studies Textual Materials. Final Report.
Davis, O. L., Jr.
This study explores the effectiveness of using graphic illustrations with written text in promoting learning in social studies by junior high students. Two groups of experimental reading materials, one group composed of three narratives with related graphic illustrations and the other composed of three narratives alone, were prepared and administered to junior high students of comparable socioeconomic backgrounds in two schools. Graphic illustrations used were (1) a time-line with a historical narrative, (2) a product distribution map with a geographic narrative, and (3) a bar graph with an economic narrative. Tests over the materials were administered and results were analyzed using multivariate analysis which considered student IQ scores and reading achievement as well as test scores. Conclusions were both methodological and substantive. It was found that (1) multivariate designs and analyses are superior to other methods in research on school learning, (2) a bar graph with text is superior to text alone in facilitating junior high learning of social studies, and (3) a time-line with text and a product distribution map with text are not superior to text alone. (TT)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Kent State Univ., OH.