ERIC Number: ED027573
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1968-Sep-1
Reference Count: N/A
A Study of Variables Related to Conditionability of Verbal Behavior in Schizophrenics.
Shorkey, Clayton Thomas
Some 80, white, schizophrenic patients were administered the Taylor Personality Scale of Manifest Anxiety (MAS), the Maudsley Personality Inventory (MPI) and were tested on an operant conditioning task. Hypotheses tested were: (1) effectiveness of social reinforcement (verbal approval) on a verbal conditioning task would be enhanced by subjecting patients to a short period of social isolation prior to the task, (2) social reinforcement presented by an experimenter of the opposite sex would be maximally effective, (3) no significant relationship exists between the personality variable "anxiety" (MAS) and subjects' change scores on a verbal operant conditioning task, and (4) no significant relationship exists between the personality variable "introversion" (MPI) and subjects' change scores. In addition to the variables age, sex, education diagnosis; length of institutionalization, and level of neuroticism were studied in relation to conditionability of schizophrenics. Social isolation, and testing by an experimenter of the opposite sex favorably affected conditioning. No significant relation was found between change scores on the conditioning tasks and patients' scores on the MAS, on the Introversion-Extroversion scale of the MPI, sex, length of institutionalization, education or N (neuroticism) scores of the MPI. (PS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Center for Research on Language and Language Behavior.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Manifest Anxiety Scale; Taylor Manifest Anxiety Scale