ERIC Number: ED027456
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1960
Reference Count: 0
Adult Education and Adult Needs. Research Reports.
Havighurst, Robert J.; Orr, Betty
In this part of the Kansas City Study of Adult Life, educational implications of adult activities and goals were explored, with emphasis on effective living in middle life. Performance of adult developmental tasks and motivation toward effort in these areas were investigated. Criteria were offered for assessing high, medium, and low performance in the roles of parent, spouse, child of aging parent, male or female homemaker, worker, user of leisure, church member, club or association member, citizen, and friend. Task performance showed little or no variation by sex, some by age, and much variation by upper middle, lower middle, upper lower, and lower socioeconomic status. Areas of highest motivation were parenthood, work, and leisure; lowest areas were citizenship, church membership, and association membership. Because of generally high motivation and only moderate performance, middle class people appeared most receptive to adult education. A special challenge to adult educational outreach was seen in citizenship and other areas of low motivation and high social need. (An essay on contemporary adult education is included.) (ly)
Descriptors: Adult Development, Adult Education, Age Differences, Developmental Tasks, Educational Needs, Evaluation Criteria, Middle Aged Adults, Models, Motivation, Participation, Program Effectiveness, Research, Sex Differences, Social Influences, Socioeconomic Status, Statistical Data, Task Performance
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Center for the Study of Liberal Education for Adults, Brookline, MA.