ERIC Number: ED027163
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968
Reference Count: 0
The Effectiveness of Language Arts and Basic Reader Approaches to First Grade Reading Instruction--Extended into Third Grade. Final Report.
Stauffer, Russell G.; Hammond, W. Dorsey
A comparison of the effects of a Language Arts Approach and a Basic Reader Approach when extended from grades 1 and 2 and applied in 22 third-grade classrooms is presented. The Language Arts or Language Experience Approach utilized children's oral language facility and experiences and their creative writing facility in the development of reading vocabulary, word attack skills, and written communication skills. The Basic Reader Approach utilized basic readers, studybooks, and teacher's manuals to develop reading vocabulary, word attack skills, and comprehension. Related research was surveyed. Conclusions of the study included: (1) while group tests did not discriminate between the two treatment groups, individually administered tests showed a superior performance by the Language Arts Approach students on word recognition tests and oral reading proficiency; (2) the writings of students in the Language Arts showed the correct use of more words; (3) the children in the Language Arts Approach were more eager to read and made more mature reading choices; and (4) the Basic Reader group was superior only on the Arithmetic Computation subtest. A bibliography of sources consulted and a listing of tests used are included. (JB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Delaware Univ., Newark.