ERIC Number: ED026775
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968
Reference Count: N/A
Expanding Concepts in Mental Retardation; Scientific Symposium of the Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr., Foundation (3rd, Boston, Massachusetts, 1966).
Jervis, George A., Ed.
The genetics of mental retardation are discussed in terms of geographical isolates, prospects for prevention of trisomic conditions, population genetics, and cytogenetics of Down's syndrome; problems of neurogenesis described are anabolic pathways of galactose and glucose metabolism, abnormal cell migrations in developing brains, and genetic control; nutrition and undernutrition, and the nervous system and subnormality are also considered. Deprivation factors in mental retardation include institutional factors, day care programs for the disadvantaged, effects of Head Start, and outer directedness in problem solving. Memory formation in goldfish, the postnatal origin of microneurons, and the role of proteins in neuronal membrane functions are considered in biological basis of learning. Operant techniques in mental retardation involve research on academic education, short term memory and rote learning, instruction in an institution, and establishing tone control and evaluating the hearing of the severely retarded. The socioeconomics of mental retardation, institutionalization, adjustment, community approaches, and rehabilitation of the severely retarded are discussed under rehabilitation. Included in the section on physical performances are physical performances of the trainable retarded, diagnosis and prescription, recreation, the factor structure of motor abilities, and current status of research. (RP)
Descriptors: Biological Sciences, Community Programs, Disadvantaged, Down Syndrome, Environmental Influences, Exceptional Child Research, Genetics, Institutionalized Persons, Learning, Mental Retardation, Neurology, Nutrition, Operant Conditioning, Physical Fitness, Physiology, Recreation, Vocational Rehabilitation
Charles C Thomas, Publisher, 301-327 East Lawrence Avenue, Springfield, Illinois 62703.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr. Foundation, Washington, DC.